EU Referendum – it’s not all about “us”.

One uniting factor of both sides in the EU referendum is their emphasis on the supposed benefits for “us.”  For example, the 6 key facts listed on the leave.eu website are all ways in which it would be good for “you”, “us”, or “the UK”.  And nearly every paragraph in the equivalent section on strongerin.co.uk includes the word “our” or “we”. 

It is human nature to think first of the effects on ourselves.  But is it consistent with who we are called to be as Christians?  And if there is an “us”, who is to be included? 

Philippians 2:3-4, “Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit.  Rather, in humility value others above yourselves, not looking to your own interests but each of you to the interests of the others.” 

At first sight this offers a very direct and plain answer to our question.  We are not to act in accordance with what benefits us, but what will be advantageous to others, who are of more value that ourselves.  A closer reading shows that it is a little more complicated, as this is very much in the context of relationships within the church, but in that context at least others are more important than ourselves.  So on a very practical level, if voting one way will make me better off financially, but will cause the person in the next pew to lose their job, there is a question to be asked. 

Luke 6:31, “Do to others as you would have them do to you.” 

One of the most quoted of Jesus’s commands.  Once again it raises our eyes, beyond what this will mean for me, to the effects it will have on other people. 

James 1:27, “Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.” 

This is just one of so many verses I could have chosen to illustrate the continuing message of scripture that we have a duty in everything to be considering the poor, disadvantaged, and marginalized. 

All of which seems to be pointing us beyond “my” interests, to consider the impact of my vote on a larger group of people.  The question is, how large?  Should I vote for what will most benefit the people of Beverley, or Yorkshire, or England, or Britain, or Europe, or the world?  Or perhaps it’s not geographical, maybe I should focus on the effects for the poor, or the disabled, or children, or the elderly? 

Some of these may be good groups to focus on, as they may be less well equipped than others to cope with any negative effects from the result.  But I would suggest the Bible really only allows for two possible definitions of “us” in our considerations. 

Galatians 6:10, “Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers.” 

Primarily scripture leads us to a definition of “us” as humanity.  We are called to a global vision.  All people have been made in the image of God (Genesis 1:27), all have sinned and are in need of the grace of God (Romans 3:23-24), Christ died for all (2 Corinthians 5:14).  There is no division on grounds of ethnicity, religious background, gender, class etc. (Galatians 3:28) – I don’t like ‘proof texting’, but I believe all of the above to be the clear teaching of the whole of the Bible, and I just offer some verses as examples. 

So primarily we are called to consider the implications of our vote on a global scale.  It is of course impossible for us to know all of these, but there are questions we can ask.  For example, if we believe strongly that to remain in the EU would grow the UK economy, we must also ask what effect it will have on the economies of other European countries, and indeed those outside Europe too.  If leaving the EU will increase job opportunities for British people, we must also consider its effect on employment in the rest of Europe.  This is not natural for us as innately selfish beings, but it is part of the radical call of Christ on our lives. 

If we are to narrow the definition of “us” at all then I would suggest there is only one subset of humanity which the Bible allows us to give preference to.  Returning to our Galatians verse we are to especially do good to “the family of believers”, in other words to Christian people.  This is not something we commonly hear these days, and perhaps sits uncomfortably with us, but if we read the New Testament carefully the early church does seem to have been focused inwards.  Acts 2:45, “They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need” in context implies those within the church who had need. 

That was of course a particular context of a small, new, persecuted movement.  And Jesus’s teaching, not least the Good Samaritan, challenged people to look beyond their own religious communities, both in giving and receiving help.  So I’m not entirely convinced, but I can see there may be an argument for taking special account in our voting of what will benefit Christians in other parts of the world, for example the persecuted church and those living in countries which do not allow freedom of religion. 

But the main point stands, that there is no Biblical defense for looking out primarily for “our” interests.  We are called to have a bigger picture, to consider the impact of our vote on all those God loves, in Britain, Europe, and the world.  And particularly for those in a vulnerable position – the poor, the homeless, the unemployed – who are less able in some ways to look out for themselves. 

As I finish this post there is a graph circulating on Facebook which shows that there has never been a year where the UK has received more from Europe than it has paid in.  This is presented as a bad thing – how we’re not getting our money’s worth.  But in the light of our thinking above I question whether this is right.  The UK is the world’s 9th largest economy, the 2nd largest in Europe.  So surely we should celebrate that for nearly 40 years we have been committed to a system that, flawed and imperfect as it is, redistributes our resources to countries who are more in need.   Jesus would, I am sure, approve!

EU Referendum – British or European or…?

As we consider how to vote, we have to begin by identifying the question we are answering.  On a very fundamental level this is a debate about political identity.  Some of the campaign material presents a choice between being British or European.  On a human factual level I could be said to be both, but as a Christian there is a sense in which I am neither.

Philippians 3:18-21, “…many live as enemies of the cross of Christ… Their mind is set on earthly things.  But our citizenship is in heaven.  And we eagerly await a Saviour from there, the Lord Jesus Christ…”

The implications of this for our current issue are clear.  Our primary identity is not to be found in connection to any earthly political entity, but in Jesus Christ.  We are first and foremost citizens of his kingdom, and this is where our primary loyalties must lie.  This radically changes the question when it comes to the referendum.  It is no longer, “Do I identify more with ‘Britishness’ or ‘European-ness’”, but rather, “What will best enable me to live as a citizen of the Kingdom of Heaven?”

Hebrews 11:13-16 says of Abel, Enoch, Noah, Abraham and Sarah, “All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance, admitting that they were foreigners and strangers on earth. 14 People who say such things show that they are looking for a country of their own. 15 If they had been thinking of the country they had left, they would have had opportunity to return. 16 Instead, they were longing for a better country – a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared a city for them.”

The idea of being “foreigners and strangers” has been wrongly interpreted by some to suggest we should keep a distance from this world – cling on and hope heaven comes soon.  That is contrary to the message of the Bible as a whole.  But there is a sense in which we must not become too bound up in the things of the here and now, because we are ultimately called to look forward to something far better which is to come.

Which is one of the reasons why too overt patriotism makes me uncomfortable.  The next post in this series will deal in more detail with the fact that both sides frame the question in terms of “What will benefit ‘us’?” and whether that is a right question for a Christian to ask.  But even if it is, we do have to consider who “us” is.

I used to be very proud of my Welsh heritage, and I still identify with much of what that has to offer.  Many years living in the South have made me a proud Northerner (even if I was born in London).  But over time I’ve come to realise quite how much of an idol both of those identities can become at times, and how both need to take a much lower place in my life than my identity as a child of God in Jesus Christ.

The non-Conformist tradition used to be very strong on this issue.  In contrast to the established churches, where religion and state were inextricably entwined, Baptists and others argued for a healthy separation.  Loyalty to the state as long as that didn’t require us to go against the teachings of Jesus, but a recognition that all nation-states are man-made constructs, temporary in their nature, and our ultimate allegiance is to God alone.  I think we need to recover some of the more radical elements of this.

So I am not proud to be British, though my passport tells me I am.  I am not proud to be European, though my passport also tells me I am that.  I am not proud to be Welsh, or northern, or living in Yorkshire.  What I am is blessed to be a citizen of the only Kingdom that matters.

And so when it comes to voting, please don’t vote on whether you would rather have a British passport or a European one.  Vote as a citizen of a higher kingdom, a heavenly city.  And ask what will best enable you to express your service of the King of Kings as you look forward to the day when his Kingdom shall come and his will be done on earth (Britain, Europe, and all of it) as it is in heaven.

EU Referendum – a Christian approach

Many column inches have been devoted to the forthcoming EU referendum and the issue of the UK’s membership of the European Union.  Many of us, myself included, already know what we think and which way we will vote on June 23rd.  As a Christian Minister I don’t think it is part of my role to tell people into which box they should place their ‘X’, as with most issues there are some valid arguments on both sides.  But it does concern me that many Christians I have spoken to seem to be making their decision based on the economic and political arguments put forward by our politicians and press, rather than asking what light the Word of God might shed on the issues.

So over the next couple of weeks I hope to publish a series of posts opening up the Bible to what God might have to say to us about this.  These may be a bit longer than some of my posts, and unlike a lot of what I write is aimed very much at Christian readers, though I hope others may find food for thought also.  My aim is to remain politically neutral, and apologies in advance if I don’t manage that, but I want to open up some of the issues to perhaps a fresh perspective on the questions.